SwimSafer Programme and
SwimSafer, the National water safety programme, teaches participants to be safe in water through core life
skills - swimming and water safety.
Our aim is to develop swimming skills that will make your child more confident when he/she
is in the water. Our bright and cheerful swimming pools will
make your child feel comfortable and happy during the learning process.
programme is designed to provide your child with the confidence in waterworks, besides equipping
them with the essential swimming skills. We feel that children are best developed when they are given encouragement
and praises. You or your child will receive a certificate upon completing each stage.
SwimSafer is a
Six – stage accreditation programme. The six-stage progressive programme includes
appropriate swimming and water survival skills that will enhance your child's safety in a
water environment. Your child will gain confidence and enjoyment in the water, enabling him or her to further
benefit from aquatic activities for a lifetime. Achievement of SwimSafer
Gold will provide a base of skills suitable for the Singapore climate and lifestyle. Afetr SwimSafer
programme, student can proceed to the advance level, SSPA Singapore Swimming Proficiency
Introduction to Water Skills
The objective is to provide an opportunity for your child to gain confidence and develop independence in the
water, as well as to learn general and deep-end water safety. Techniques taught include forward and backward
movement, entering and exiting the pool safely, and introduction to personal water survival skills.
- Enter the water safely and confidently with slide-in entry and exit using ladder and from pool edge.
- Recover from a face down float or glide to a standing position.
- Recover from a back float or back glide to a standing position.
- Introduction to floatation survival technique.
- Forward movement 10m.
- Introduction to backward movement 5m.
- Support body in an upright position and signal distress.
- Grasp a floatation aid thrown for support.
- Be pulled to safety.
- Wearing clothing, correctly fit a PFD, jump into the water, float for 30 seconds and then climb out of deep
- Rules of behaviour in, on or near the water.
- Water safety knowledge at a swimming pool.
SWIMSAFER STAGE ONE THEORY TEST
Rules of behavior in, on or near the pool.
Water safety knowledge at a swimming pool.
1. Should you go swimming alone?
No always swim with an adult.
2. Who should you go swimming with?
Mum, Dad or a responsible adult.
3. What Places with water around the home may be dangerous?
Bathtubs, spas, fishponds, home pools, washing machines, sink, toilets, buckets.
4. Who can help you at the local pool?
5. What are some rules at the local pool?
No running, no pushing, obey the lifeguards.
6. What do lifeguards do at the pool?
They supervisor people, help if there is trouble, do first aid, help lost children and make sure
the pool is safe to swim.
7. If you see somebody in trouble in the water, what should you do?
Shout for help and go get an adult.
8. How can you get into the water safety?
Enter using the stairs and ladder holding the railing.
9. If you get into touble in the water, what should you do?
Shout and wave for help, float on your back, and try to relax.
Fundamental Water Skills
General skills development will include unassisted step entry into water, sculling, feet-first surface dives,
personal water safety skills and water safety awareness in an aquatic environment. Your child will be encouraged to
achieve 25 metres of continuous swim.
- Perform a step-in entry.
- Demonstrate sculling in an upright position for 10 seconds with arms only.
- Demonstrate the ability to change direction on command.
- Search for and recover an object in chest deep water depth.
- Demonstrate a feet-first surface dive.
- 25m forward movement of any stroke.
- Swim wearing clothing for 15m.
- Demonstrate floatation survival technique for 1 minute.
- Correctly fit a PFD, jump into the water and swim for 5m and climb out of deep water.
- Water safety rules in various aquatic environments.
SWIMSAFER STAGE TWO THEORY TEST
Water safety rules in various aquatice environments.
1. What sort of things should you not do at a beach?
- Dive into the water
- Swim unsupervised
- Swim when the conditions are rough
- jump off rocks
- Swim out too far
2. What could happen if you walked too close to the edge of a river bank?
You could fall in. The bank may crumble and you could fall in.
3. What are the dangers with water that can be found in and around the home?
- Unfenced pools, pool gate left open, broken or toys left in the water
- Spas and fish ponds
- Bathtubs not emptied
- Buckets filled with water, washing machines, toilets and sinks
4. If you can't see the bottom of a river, lake or dam, what would be some
Submerged objects, rocks, weeds, muddy bottom, and unknown depth.
5. What are two things you can do to alert someone you are in trouble when in
Float on your back and wave. Call for help.
6. What would you do if you were caught in a fast flowing river?
Try to float feet first in a half sitting position.
7. What should you always wear when you go out boating?
A Personal Floatation Device (PDF) and protective clothing.
8. What are the dangers with a storm water channels?
Steep banks, fast flowing water, flash flooding, entrapment in grates, pylons.
9. How do you check the strength of a river current?
Throw in a stick and see how quickly it flows down the river. If the stick disappears underwater or
is tossed around the current is strong.
Stage 3: Personal Water Survival and
Stroke Developmental Skills
Principles of personal water survival and basic rescue skills will be taught. Your child will demonstrate
proficiency in sculling, underwater skills, and the use of a Personal Floatation Device. Your child will be
encouraged to achieve 50 metres of continuous swim.
Perform a stride / straddle entry.
Demonstrate sculling in a horizontal position for 10 seconds with arms only.
Demonstrate the ability to change direction on command.
Demonstrate reverse action.
In chest deep water, swim through hoops on pool bottom 2 metres apart...
Swim 50m continuously using:
25m using either Breast Stroke or Front Crawl.
25m using either Back Stroke or Survival Back Stroke.
Swim wearing clothing for 25m.
Demonstrate ability to correctly fit a PFD in the water.
Throw a floatation aid to a partner at 3m distance and instruct to kick to the edge.
Perform a reach rescue using a rigid aid and pull a partner to safety.
Principles of personal survival.
SWIMSAFER STAGE THREE THEORY TEST
Principles of personal survival in the theory section below
1. Name three ways of getting into the water safely?
Walking down a ladder/stairs, wading in slowly, step in if you know the depth.
2. What is the AquaCode?
Go together, stay afloat and wave, Reach to rescue.
3. Should you enter the water if you are unsure whether you are able to cope with the
4. What is a survival stroke?
Breaststroke, Sidestroke, Survival Backstroke. A stroke that can be used when tired as it uses less
energy and has underwater recovery and rest phase.
5. What are some things you can do to alert someone you are in trouble in the
Float on your back and wave. Call for help.
6. Describe the body position when swimming that assists with an efficient
Streamline. Body straight with legs together, toes pointed, arms fully extended above the head and
hands together with head tucked in.
(Bronze): Personal Water Survival and Stroke Improvement Skills
Development of your child's stroke techniques will be a focus here, along with coordinated breathing in deep
water while swimming 100 metres. Principles of water craft safety will be introduced, as well as continual work on
rescue and personal water survival skills.
- Enter water using a compact jump.
- Demonstrate a backward and forward somersault in the water.
- Search for and recover an object in 1.5m of water depth.
- Demonstrate a feet-first surface dive.
- Swim 100m continuously.
• 25m front crawl / free style.
• 25m breast stroke.
• 25m back stroke.
• 25m survival backstroke or side stroke.
- Dressed in swimwear, shorts and t-shirt, demonstrate 3-minute swimming slowly using
any appropriate swim stroke, changing each minute.
- Perform a throw rescue using an unweighted rope over a distance of 6m.
- Wade to a person and deliver a floatation aid in deep water.
- Approach in ‘ready’ position.
- Principles of water craft safety.
SWIMSAFER BRONZE THEORY TEST (Principles of Water
1. What should you always wear when you go out boating?
A personal flotation device (PDF) (commonly known as an approved lifejacket, this is not in the
tester guide), hat sunscreen and protective clothing.
2. If you fell off a boat in the oceaon fully clothed, should you take your clothes
Remove clothing that is heavy anc constricting. Leave inner layer of clothing to protect against
3. What are some of the safety guidelines for boating?
- The skipper should inspect the boat regularly to ensure it is in good working order and all the
safety gear is provided.
- Everyone onboard should wear a PDF
- Follow the boating traffic rules
- Know the limitations of the boat
- Check the weather conditions before departure and continue to monitor weather reports
- keep lookout for rising winds, waves, rocks, reefs and weirs
- Leave word of destination and estimate time of return.
- Learn and practice person overboard drills
The rope throw rescue in SwimSafer Bronze is over a distance of 6 metres. Should you be instructing
this skill, especially to young children, please provide a rope not longer than 8 metres with smaller diameter
and preferably braided. (Dont forget to tell the person being rescued to hold the rope).
Stage 5 (Silver): Intermediate Personal
Water Survival and Stroke Refinement Skills
Fundamental of diving will be introduced. Development of rescue skills and personal water survival skills also
continue at more advanced levels. Your child will be required to demonstrate efficient stroke techniques to
complete the Silver stage before progressing to the Gold stage.
- Demonstrate a dive entry (crouching).
- Keep face above the water for 60 seconds sculling with hands only.
- In 1.5m of water depth swim through hoops on pool bottom 3 metres apart.
- Swim 200m continuously
• 50m front crawl.
• 50m breast stroke.
• 50m back stroke.
• 50m survival back stroke or side stroke.
- Efficient stroke techniques must be used.
- Dressed in swimwear, long pants and long sleeved shirt, perform the following as a continuous sequence:
• Enter deep water using an appropriate entry method.
• Submerge feet first, swim underwater for 3m.
• Resurface scull, float or tread water for 3 minutes waving for help intermittently. Clothing may be
• Correctly fit a PFD while treading water and then swim 25m and climb out of the water.
- Using a suitable buoyant aid, accompanied (non-contact) rescue of a person 15m from safety.
- Recognising an emergency.
SWIMSAFER SILVER THEORY TEST (Recognizing an
1. What are the characteristics of a non-swimmer?
Vertical position in the water, desperate grabbing and climbing arm and leg action, may submerge
for periods, panicked and wide eyed, unlikely to respond to instructions, may attempt to grasp rescuer.
2. What are the characteristics of a weak swimmer?
Weak swimmers may be able to use their arms and legs for support. The swimmer will be angled in the
water(approximately 45 degrees) and may attempt to grasp the rescuer or a floatation aid. Head position will be
lifted up and back and the head will usually be turned to safety or help.
3. What are the characteristics of an injured swimmer?
An injured swimmer will typically grasp the injured body part and be calling for help. They maybe
be in an awkward position, but will be able to use a floatation device if provided.
4. What are the characteristics of an unconscious swimmer?
The unconscious person may be at any depth of water, depending of the length of time they've been
unconscious. The individual may be face-up or face-down in the water, but will not be moving. Rescue conscious
swimmers first before they go under.
(Gold): Advanced Personal Water Survival and Swimming Skills Proficiency
Your child will be required to perform strokes with greater ease, efficiency, power and smoothness over 400
metres. Rescue skills and water safety knowledge will focus on lifesaving readiness. Standing dive and advanced
personal water survival skills will continue to be taught.
Demonstrate a standing dive.
Keep face above the water surface for 60 seconds using legs only.
Search for and recover an object in 1.8m of water depth.
Demonstrate equalizing of ear / nose.
Swim 400m continuously
• 100m breast stroke.
• 100m front crawl / free style.
• 100m back stroke.
• 100m survival back stroke or side stroke.
Efficient stroke techniques must be used.
Dressed in swimwear, long pants and long sleeved shirt, shoes and socks, perform the following as a
• Enter deep water using an appropriate entry method, swim 5m underwater to simulate an escape from a
sinking boat surrounded by oil.
• Swim a further 45m as if escaping from a dangerous situation.
• Remove shoes and then swim slowly for further 50m using any preferred swim stroke occasionally
signaling for help.
• Remove clothing in deep water. Fit a PFD while treading water, swim 100m using appropriate strokes.
Demonstrate HELP techniques and climb out of the water whilst wearing the PFD.
To include progressive open water module.
Using a suitable buoyant aid, tow (non-contact) rescue of a person 10m from safety.
Principles when performing a rescue.
SWIMSAFER GOLD THEORY TEST
(Principles when performing a rescue)
1. What is a dry rescue?
A rescue that does not involve getting into the water such as talk, reach, throw. These are the
safest methods of rescue for the rescuer.
2. What items could you use to perform a reach rescue?
Pole, tree branch, towel, your arm. Can u think of others....kickboard?
3. If the rescuer is in danger of being pulled in by the victim, what should they
Let go of the rescue aid. Ensure they are lying low down to avoid being pulled in.
4. What are the four As to summarize the steps in any rescue?
Awareness, Assessment, Action Aftercare
Awareness: Recognition of an emergency and danger
Assessment: Making informed judgments (dont rush in without thinking of your safety). Do you have
knowledge, fitness, skill and ability to conduct the rescue? Is it safe to conduct a rescue? Accepting
Action: Preform a safe, efficient and effective rescue.
Aftercare: Aid given until medical help arrives. Reporting the incident. Comply with duty of care
5. What does HELP stand for?
Heat escapes lessoning position...
6. What does self-preservation mean?
Keeping you safe ....first before considering a rescue.